Toyota Land Cruiser – Everything You Need to Know | Up to Speed

(crashing metal) – From the scorching plains of sub Saharan Africa, to the brutal cold of the Arctic Circle, this vehicle has driven everywhere on our green Earth. It’s a shining beacon of utilitarian belief in perfected practicality. So lower your tire pressure, lock up them diffs and put ‘er in low. It’s time to go off-road! This is everything you need to know to get up to speed on the Toyota Land Cruiser! (8-bit style music) And we’re goin’ on a field trip! (magical chiming) I’m at the Land Cruiser heritage museum in Salt Lake City, Utah, surrounded by the most
strategic collection of Land Cruisers in the world. In the world! With nearly every single
model represented, it is clear that the Land Cruiser is
one of the most diverse and influential vehicles in the entire history of the automobile. You ever heard of it? The Land Cruiser is Toyota’s longest running nameplate. Starting production in
1951 with the BJ model. It was a military vehicle produced in Japan for American use in the Korean War. After the armistice agreement in 1953, the “war” was “over,” but Toyota wanted to keep
making the BJ because it made ’em a lotta money. But they couldn’t just send a bare-bones war fighter out into the world and expect to sell big numbers, so Toyota gave the workhorse a redesign, with comfier seats and softer suspension. This “new model,” called the Model 20, encompassed both the gasoline-powered FJ20 and the diesel-powered BJ20. This Land Cruiser was extremely important to Toyota. In fact, it’s possible that without it, they might not be around today. That means No Supra! No MR2! No Hachiroku! Toyota had been building
cars in Japan since 1936, but weren’t selling them
outside of the country. After the war, Toyota
started looking abroad, but there was a problem. The biggest markets already had their own passenger cars. However, the FJ was just as good,
if not better than, America’s Jeep. So, what they did was
send the FJ and the BJ to oversea markets, then put their new
passenger car, the Crown, next to it. The reliability and capability of the Land Cruiser gave the Crown credibility. Within Toyota, this was called the Land Cruiser Strategy and Toyota implemented
it all over the world. Thanks to the Land
Cruiser, the Toyota lineup was seen as a credible option. Okay, quick time-out. I’m gonna be sayin’ a lot of numbers and
letters in this episode, and it might seem confusing, but it’s not. Here’s what they mean. The first letter is the engine. F means it has a straight
six gasoline engine, B is a four-cylinder diesel engine, and H means your Cruiser
has a six-cylinder diesel. J is Toyota-Talk for Land Cruiser. Most people say it stands for Jeep, but it’s never been officially confirmed by Toyota. The number after the J is the body style. 40 through 42 is short wheel based, 43, 44, and 46 are medium wheel based, 45s and 47s, are long wheel bases, both available in troopy and truck. So, when you hear someone say FJ44, that means it’s a six-cylinder gas Land
Cruiser, in the 40 series, with a medium wheelbase. See? Easy! 1960 saw the first refresh of the FJ line, the Model 40. Yeah, it looked pretty
similar to the Model 20, but the 40 was better in every way. Toyota had refined their
construction techniques, so the frame and body were stronger. The FJ40 also had a low range gear that made off-roading way easier. And, the Model 40 had
more horsepower, 125. You might be sayin, “Gee
whiz James, that doesn’t sound like a lot,” and, you’re right, but horsepower isn’t that important for off-roading, dum-dum. It’s all about the torque! The next FJ update was in 1967. The Model 55 FJ. It was basically a station
wagon for the Outback. Some versions had seating
for up to nine people. That’s more people than were in my eighth
grade graduating class! The Model 55 is probably
the funkiest looking of all of the Land Cruisers, earning the nickname Iron Pig. Because some people thought
it looked like a pig that was made out of metal. The Model 55 marked the
transition in thinking around utility vehicles. Yes, they can be used to
do work in remote places, but they can also carry people! Just like the pickup truck, people were starting to see that the Land Cruiser
wasn’t just meant for work. It was also meant for life. The paradigm shift was complete when Toyota dropped the Land Cruiser Model 60 in 1980. It was still the unstoppable off-roader people came to know and love, but now there was a luxury model. The GX had a moon-roof, powered mirrors, a more comfortable interior. Toyota knew that customers were shopping the Land Cruiser against the Land Rover, and that it needed to be better if they were going to compete. The most critical component was the Land Cruiser’s solid front axle. It’s a solid front axle. On heavy-duty vehicles,
the wheels are connected with a solid beam. This is stronger than
independent suspension, and perfect for hauling stuff around. The simple nature of solid axles made them more reliable. Which is exactly what you want when you’re out in the bush! There are less components to break, so if something goes
wrong, it’s easier to fix. Plus, a solid axle lets you get sweet flex, bro! However, solid axles
aren’t great for handling, and aren’t as comfortable on the road. To solve this, Toyota put softer springs
on the Land Cruiser, which allowed them even more flex! Which made them even better off road. Good job, Toyota. The Land Cruiser continued to modernize with the Model 70 released in 1984. Small adjustments were
made to make the now legendary off-roader even better. The body panels were
thickened by a millimeter to make them more durable. And the styling was updated for a more domesticated look. If the Model 60 in 1980
marked the Land Cruiser’s transition from utilitarian
focus to comfort, 1989’s Model 80 was a
full commitment to luxury. Toyota knew that most
people weren’t going to take the latest Cruiser off-road. That for most people in the U.S., the Land Cruiser was a family car. – ♪ And I can sing high ♪ – But the Land Cruiser didn’t mind, because it was still a bad “a” explorer. It didn’t matter if the Model 80 eventually got safer features, like anti-lock brakes and airbags, because in 1996, the Land Cruiser earned the ultimate in off-road credibility. The Dakar rally is one of the most demanding races on Earth. Spanning from Granada, Spain, to Dakar, Senegal. Navigating city streets, sand dunes, and some of the most treacherous terrain on Earth. Toyota entered two Model 80 Land Cruisers in the unmodified diesel class. That means they didn’t modify them. And guess what? They won! Toyota would return in 2001, and win again! And if that wasn’t enough, they won again in 2005. Oh, that’s still not enough? They came back in 2014 and won again! It goes without saying, but you can’t stop a Land Cruiser. In 1998, however, the 80 series was replaced by the Land Cruiser 100. By now, everyone knew that Land Cruiser was the best. We all knew this. It rode like a cloud over roads that were impassible to lesser vehicles. It could maneuver itself over the most unforgiving terrain, and it would not die. – Hashtag, invincible! – It is so reliable, as a durable four by four, that the United Nations
passed a resolution to use it as their
field vehicle of choice. Toyota made the best even better. They developed a new 32-valve V8 that made more horsepower, got better mileage, and reduced emissions. And while in some markets they released a 105 series that carried
over most of its guts from the 80 series, including solid front and rear axles, the 100 series that we got had quite a few game-changing bells and whistles. The front suspension was a double wishbone type
independent suspension, and the steering was now rack and pinion. This Land Cruiser was designed to feel
more like a passenger car than its heavy-duty, rough
and tumble predecessors. To further improve riding comfort and steering stability, it had hydraulic vehicle
height adjustment, and Toyota Electronic
Modulated Suspension, or, skyhook, TEMS. Which made it perform
better if for some reason you were driving on paved roads. In ’99 it got traction control, and in 2002 the Land Cruiser featured new technology that enabled drivers to see in the dark. Just like a cay-ett! Night view uses headlight projectors to emit near-infrared light then, a camera captures that reflected radiation, a computer processes it, and it projects a black and white image on the windshield. I’m serious! They made this! This is Bruce Wayne stuff! Though the Land Cruiser 100 continues to evolve on the path of luxury passenger car, there are still users overseas who must drive it off-road. To meet the needs of Australia, Africa, and other rugged environments, Toyota is still cranking out
the Land Cruiser 105 series. No matter how much it
takes on the aura of luxury the Land Cruiser is
never far from its roots as an off-road vehicle. The latest version is no different. The 200 series is one of the most capable off-roaders, let alone luxury off-roaders, that you can buy today. It is a beautiful monster. Introduced in 2007, the 200 series pioneered features like downhill assist control, off road anti-lock brakes, and CRAWL. All-caps! Which is basically cruise
control for the trail, using weird computer science it basically drives itself. Despite the openly luxurious appearance, the 200 series is still one of the best overland vehicles in the friggin’ world! From its start, the Land Cruiser dominated
the harsh landscapes of untouched countries, but the landscape has changed. Today, the Land Cruiser dominates the automotive landscape. Looking down from its lofty, luxury perch, as king of the mountain. And those harsh, unexplored environments? Well, it still dominates there, too. Hail to the king, baby. Thanks for watching Up To Speed, what’s your favorite off-road story? Share it in the comments below. I wanna say a huge thank you to Greg Miller and everyone at the Land Cruiser heritage museum for having us out and
letting us look around, this place is amazing, and if you’re in the Salt Lake area, you should definitely check it out! If you’re lucky, then he’ll be here, and you can learn a ton just like I did. Come here, take a picture, tag me and Jonah in it, and I’ll send you somethin’. Weird. Don’t forget to like, comment, subscribe, and share. I love you.


  • Wonderful information 👌👌👌

  • uphill248 uphill248

    I wish they weren’t so expensive.

  • Samuel Rodriguez Rivera

    Awesome video!! Fantastic tribute to what is most likely the best model line ever made. Thanks!

  • Awesome video. Great editing!!

  • Alejandro Avalos

    Do the Mitsubishi montero/pajero

  • oldtimer_sale instagram

    R you on a speed😂😂😂

  • If life was a suv…

  • Thank you for this passionate ode to the LEGENDARY Land Cruiser! My 2018 4Runner TRD Off-Road has all of these capabilities, and I couldn’t be more overjoyed! Toyota FTW 👍🏼💪🏼🇯🇵

  • I want one now

  • Excellent presentation

  • i like this car badly,is there anyone who can donate me one?


    Land Cruiser


    Land Cruiser


    Land Cruiser


    Land Cruiser


    Land Cruiser

  • Nice video and very informative!

  • Great video thank you!!!!
    I’m from Venezuela and there is no Venezuelan in this world that does not respect Toyotas!!!!!!!

  • 🤩 I am going by this timeline..

  • land cruiser – for girls! UAZ – auto for real man!

  • Once I was driving a FJ40 of my uncle secretly off roads 😀 and then suddenly somewhere when I wanted to start to drive, I felt that the car is having problems going and is requiring a lot of power, it was moving that I realised I'm in gear 3 instead of 1 🤣

  • Actually when Japan occupied Philippines in 1941 we found a US Jeep there and sent it back to Japan and Toyota was instructed to build one from the ground up but make the exterior different, making a prototype that lead to the Type 4 Compact Cargo Truck (Yon-shiki Kogata Komatsu-sha).. Toyota developed a military version in 1942 called the AK-10 which was copied off American Willy's Jeep.. In the 1950s the Willy's company complained of trademark violations, so the name of the AK10 was quickly changed to Land Cruiser, and a legend was born lol

  • Can’t believe that they are killing it off in the U.S. Why wasn’t it marketed better? RIP the King Of Off-Road.

  • They full forgot the 75-79 series landcruiser which in my opinion is the best landcruiser ever made

  • ماشالله

  • Thanks for the cool info, but no need to yell at me for the entire video.

  • These episodes were so much better than the current ones, in my opinion

  • I F*cking love how this guy explain History.

  • Who is here after finding out the Land Cruiser line will be cancelled in 2020?

  • How have you not done a hilux ep yet

  • I'd like to know more about the silent underdog in this battle, the Nissan Patrol. May not be a global sensation like the LC which is fair cuz, you've got to admit the LC has a special place in our hearts indeed. But I reckon Down Under and Dubai at least, that rig puts out a pretty good fight… What do you think @DonutMedia?

  • Just straight skipped the land cruiser 120…. 😐


  • Down N Dirty Garage

    Love our 200 series 4.5 v8 twin turbo diesel 200kw 650NM torque stock

  • Art Stuijvenberg

    Why didn't you mansion the landcruiser 70 series, it is the best vehicle in its clas ever produced

  • Great video James and team!

  • My favorite off-road story that I was involved in: We were hunting elk in the early 2000's and 3 feet of snow had dumped on top on the almost foot that was already there. My Grandpa had his '81 F150 he bought brand new, he put the same wheels and tires on that that he had on his '88 Crown Victoria Police Interceptor, siped mud and snow passenger car tires. It has the standard F150 TTB, a 302, and 4 speed with granny. I was riding with my my Grandpa and my Dad and Uncle were following in my dad's 87 Subaru wagon. We came upon a line of trucks and Jeeps, all years, makes, models, lifts, diesel, gas, etc. Guys sliding into ditches, digging them selves in. Everyone is trying to get to where this large herd has been spotted. My Grandpa starts breaking trail with my Dad about 30 feet back following, we'd stop and ask if anyone needed help and they'd basically sneer and say we should just turn around. Very long story short, my Grandpa and Dad and pushing snow over their hoods and we were the only group that made it up, other than one guy in a Tacoma we pulled out and he followed my Dad. We filled three tags and on the way down more than half of those guys are still trying to get each other out, the faces we absolutely priceless. We did stop and help, and so did Tacoma guy. It's one of my favorite hunting memories. Don't judge a book by its cover, it might surprise you. I now own that truck and keep it the same way. Say what you will about the TTB but they are phenomenal in snow. I have a '73 Highoy I've restored and come winter, I use the '81.

  • russia is my city cyka blyat

    My mom owns a 88 Toyota Land Cruiser. It’s white with black and blue stripes along the side. When my parents divorced my dad almost sold it for three grand. Now it’s me and my 17 year olds hippie surfing truck. Definitely a great use of such a great truck that could have gone to waste in some auction yard.

  • Some people say if you want to go into a jungle, you drive a Land Rover, if you want to drive out again, you take a Land Cruiser

  • スバルナツキ

    land cruiser Prado 95 120 150 ?????

  • This is a funny looking Pajero video….

  • Big Donut media fan, love the "up to speed" series. Great video though the land cruiser prado wasnt mentioned, can you do a video on them.

  • They say the prado is the twin of the land cruiser and can do exactly the same what the land cruiser can do

  • crazyredneckdude 01

    No love for the 79 series 🤷🏻‍♂️ I watch this video to see at least one but nope lol still love the show doez

  • I would like to tell you all that the 200 series landcruiser here at the philipines either means you fuckin rich(4 million pp or 8 of a bulletproof bitch) or your a drug lord………….mustangs here is at 2 million……………oh and your a true rich af bitch or a kingpin druglord if you have a h2 hummer…cuz that shits like i donno……….12-20million pp? Yeah our fam owns a land cruiser and we are proud……….my dad does not understand the capabilities of that buff boi

  • I love reading the comments and seeing how people from all over the globe want to confess happily how Toyota is something they love in one way or another. It's truly a brand which represents more than just cars for us who come from OUTSIDE of the US.
    Literally every continent is represented in the comments. Beautiful! 🌎🌍❤️💯

  • Belleza estos carros, son poderosos, yo tengo unos del año 1980… Algún latino viendo este video ? 😎

  • Which Saab was behind him at the start of the video?

  • Love land cruiser.. J79 series is the best.. You should mention that, too. Its toyota LC 79 series… Good stuff

  • The dark side of Lenny

    This Land Cruisers are still conquering South America specially jungle terrain

  • Its dack-r

  • Very loud bloke.

  • jeffrey fletcher

    In the beginning you should of said “POP it in low LOCK them difs and DROP that air pressure.” Then proceeded to do some word James thing where you ‘pop lock and drop it’

  • First couple of seconds
    “Here you see a vicious land cruiser hunting it’s pray, with low rpm it can stalk up on the best hill climbers” “ unlucky for the other Ute it was no match for the land beast”

  • The Australian version of this is the Ford Territory AWD

  • We used a variety of Toyota Land Cruisers (up-armoured) in Afghanistan as security force vehicles instead of HMVs, MAXPROs/MRAPs or MATVs.

  • Craig Edward Jensen

    Where are the utes because in Australia land cruser utes were very popular

  • Craig Edward Jensen

    Also in 1999 land cruser utes got front coil springs before that they had leaf springs on all 4 corners

  • اللقطة الاولى فخمة

  • Джон Партлов

    Dammit donut, I curse you forever… it will never leave my head… puhpuhpuhpop up up n down headlights… just for that I’m gonna subscribe to your channel, fucker. Nolan, your dad is annoying as fuck… but funny

  • Toyota landcruisr the best vehicle in the planet!

  • They still sell the 70 series Land Cruiser in Australia, and it's used by rural fire services.

  • There are cars and there are Toyotas!

  • Abdulaziz AL Hammadi

    He forgot about the Middle East

  • Why do you have to yell, its so strange and off putting. Very hard to waych

  • I had a 2000 Toyota Tundra which was the same car… and it definitely was a beast!!!! That you guys should do a video on

  • Nissan Patrol please

  • My BJ 40 is still running like a charm

  • That Toyota FJ60.

  • dude what do you mean the miata is clearly the best off road vehicle

  • hmmmm toyota in 2961 BEST CARS IN THE WORLD true

  • Land Cruiser is a legend for sure

  • I Want to PERSONALLY Thank you for the Breakdown of the NUMBERS… Front ROW Guy


    In the Micheal Criton novel, Jurassic Park, the original explorers were supposed to be land cruisers.

  • 🇦🇪🇦🇪

  • Jonluke Townsend

    Do a Toyota tundra up to speed video

  • You should do one on the Nissan patrol

  • My old boss and I were road testing a series 100, listening for a noise a customer had complained about, on a bumpy road doing about 40 mph, and he just drove right off the road through a shallow wide ditch into a vineyard. I was scared shitless for a very brief moment, until I realized nothing happened, we were just now driving along side a vineyard, probably doing around 35 mph. It was as if we were still on a paved road. I have wanted to own one ever since that. And the 4.7L is probably the best engine ever made. We never found the "noise"

  • holy hell this beast the LAND CRUISER s like a damn tank…

  • السمقا فرع امريكا

  • Landcruiser 73 was 1th real thing I had to care about. Learning how to ride (abused as sheet) , repairing, maintain. Old, but excellent car. wah. Hell yeah for Toyotas.

  • Keith Anne Alianza

    Anyone know if they made an episode for the mitsubishi pajero and nissan patrol (or safari)… cant seem to find em.

  • "To the cold arctic sircle…"

    Russian plates on a car

    Pretty true tho

  • 79 doesn’t even get a mention

  • Quick tip for ya, UNofficially with the F being the engine type most thought it ment to say "[email protected]@K Jeeps". From what I've herd.

  • 4:30 is right next to my house

  • Do the hilux

  • Was James in the army?

  • You need to do up to speed on the nissan patrol

  • cant find any prove the toyota land cruiser won any Dakar rally, can someone share a link?

  • Merci beaucoup pour cette super vidéo !

  • Best video on the Land Cruiser! Loved every second…!!! Awesome

  • Nice video!
    But you forgot to mention a bunch of Land Cruiser models like 90, 120, 150 (despite you have 150 on 10:23) which became a new branch later called Land Cruiser Prado.
    This whole branch happened because of seperation luxury models like 80, 100, 200 and cheaper smaller 90, 120, 150. But because being smaller and lighter modern 150 series Land Cruiser Prado can do offroad sometimes even butter then sometimes too big and heavy 200 series and still costs a 20 grands less.
    This cars are extremely popular on the east, you might not know about it because you have Toyota Surf (4Ranner) in US, which quite similar.
    But if you want the difference Prado would have better drivetrain (Full-time 4wd with lockers vs Part-time in 4Runner) but 4runner would have better engine (Prado 2.7 petrol is quite week). This makes them extremely popular in places where you want Full time 4wd and in my country it costs like Kia Sorento 🙂

  • When you don’t see a 79 series 😔

  • I ve a Prado 2003 GX with 5L diesel engine, no turbo, some noisy but i love it, its strong reliable car, it never fails.

  • Let's be honest, we expected nothing less of a tough-ass masterpiece from Toyota…

  • They still sell the 70 series in Australia . Very popular if you have the money .

  • Those landcruisers of sixties and seventies are still doing duty as public carrierin gilgit baltistan in Pakistan. Now custome made with some truck engine and gearbox. Same customisation is done on jeep wrangler also.

  • I swear there was a version of the Land Cruiser that had a Chevy 350 and was in the First Power Rangers Movie 1995!!!! I cannot find it for the life of me, it was known as The Chevota.

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